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AN #111 - Dual Thermometer with the DS18b20 Print
Dual Thermometer with the DS18b20


Göte Haluza wrote this application note that shows how to use two Dallas DS18B20 temparature sensors and the 1wire bus.

Göte did a lot of beta testing for the 1wirecount functions.

Download source code or  you can copy & paste it.




' DS18B20_two_thermo.bas for Atmel AVR with BASCOM - AVR and Dallas semiconductors DS18B20 temperature sensors - NO extra hardware
' Program "DUAL DS Thermo"
' Messures and displays temperature in 1/10 celcius on two DS sensors,
' stores and displays minimum and maximum readings.

' This program will NOT work on BASCOM earlier than 1.11.6.2, cause of the CRC-function
' and (maybe ?) its not possible to declare functions in earlier environment.
' But the 1w-functions work from 1.11.4 , I think.
' The program code (BIN) will be ~3Kb so its NOT possible to run in DEMO-environment anyway

' Platform(s) : Atmel devkit ~1996, used "AVR ISP programmer"-setting
' Dev - uC : Atmel AT90s8515 (AVR) @ 4 Mhz
' BASCOM-AVR IDE Version : 1.11.6.2 Compiler: Version 1.11.6.2 (released)

' This is a TWO-sensor DS18b20 thermometer displayed on 2*16 LCD
' The sensors are on the same 1-w bus :-) which is the intresting part
' The bus used is of 2-wire type, that means : Port-PIN to DQ, +5V to VDD and Gnd.

' See also HTML-help-file in BASCOM regarding "Using the 1 WIRE protocol"
' Main goal is to show basics of using two DS-sensors on the same uC-pin.
' The code is written for easy understanding as goal, not optimized for anything else

' If you use it or test it, please report to the author. (Not when only browsing )
' mailto: gote@sys-op.com
' subject : DS18B20_two_thermo.bas test-report
' message : type of uC, Mhz, type of sensors used, type of cable and length
' platform (devkit / PCB ?), BASCOM-version, compiled code size, (BIN file size)
' That will be enough pay-back for non-commercial use.

' Changes in the code will be allowed, if copy of changed program is sent to author,
' with comments in English ( or German, Swedish ).

' For commercial use, contact author.
' (c) 2001 Göte Haluza, gote@sys-op.com, gote@hotmail.com (Sweden)
' version :1 , revision 2, Startdate : 18 apr 2001 Last update : 27 Apr 2001

$regfile = "8515def.dat"
$crystal = 4000000

Declare Sub Init
Declare Sub ConvAllT ' Convert T on ALL sensors
Declare Function Decigrades(BYVAL sc(9) as byte) as integer

Config 1wire = Portb.6 '0,1,2 NOP 3,4,5,6,7 works good ON MY Equipment
Config Lcd = 16 * 2
Config Lcdpin = Pin , Db4 = Porta.4 , Db5 = Porta.5 , Db6 = Porta.6 , Db7 = Porta.7 , E = Porta.3 , Rs = Porta.2

'Temp variables
Dim B As Byte
Dim W As Word

'Program variables
'Implicit Err created by compiler
Dim Dg As Integer 'DECIgrades, I call it, cause I have no space for commas on the display....
Dim Min1 As Integer
Dim Min2 As Integer
Dim Max1 As Integer
Dim Max2 As Integer

Dim Dsid1(8) As Byte 'Dallas ID 64 bits incl CRC
Dim DsId2(8) As Byte
'When used like this : DsId(1) = 1wread(8)
'DsId(1) = family code 'Ds1820 10h, DS18B20 28h, Ds18s20 10h
'DsId(2) '48 Bits Serial, LSB
'DsId(3)
'DsId(4)
'DsId(5)
'DsId(6)
'DsId(7) '48 Bits Serial, MSB
'DsId(8) '8 CRC

Dim Sc(9) as byte 'Scratchpad 0-8 72 bits incl CRC, explanations for DS18b20
'Sc(1)  'Temperature LSB
'Sc(2) 'Temperature MSB
'Sc(3) 'TH/user byte 1 also SRAM
'Sc(4) 'TL/user byte 2 also SRAM
'Sc(5) 'config  also SRAM x R1 R0 1 1 1 1 1 - the r1 r0 are config for resolution - write FF to byte for 12 bit - others dont care
'Sc(6) 'res
'Sc(7) 'res
'Sc(8) 'res
'Sc(9) '8 CRC

'DALLAS DS18B20 ROM and scratchpad commands''''''''''''''''''''''''''1wwrite....
'&H 33 read rom - single sensor
'&H 55 match rom, followed by 64 bits
'&H CC skip rom
'&H EC alarm search - ongoining alarm >TH <TL
'&H BE read scratchpad
'&H 44 convert T

cls

lcd "This is a 2sensor DS18B20 thermometer"
locate 2,1
lcd " by gote@sys-op.com"
wait 1
for b = 1 to 20
 
shiftlcd left
 
waitms 500
next
wait 2
cls
W
= 1wirecount()

' Here I assume 2 sensors - no errorcontrol made, but would be easy to do with the "Err"-variable
' Getting the two sensors IDs.
DsId1
(1) = 1wsearchfirst()
Do
 DsId2
(1) = 1wsearchnext()
Loop Until Err = 1

' If displayed, everything went well.
' First sensor identified and stored in variable
if dsid1(8) = crc8(DsId1(1), 7) then ' Control that the received CRC match the calculated
 
locate 1,1
 
lcd "CRC OK Sensor 1 ID"
 
wait 1
 
locate 1,1
 
for B=1 to 8
 
lcd Hex(DsId1(b))
 
next
end if

' Second sensor
if dsid2(8) = crc8(DsId2(1), 7) then
 
locate 2,1
 
lcd "CRC OK Sensor 2 ID"
 
wait 1
 
locate 2,1
 
for B=1 to 8
 
lcd Hex(DsId2(b))
 
next
end if
wait 1
cls

Init

' Main loop
Do
 ConvAllT 
' "Convert ALL T on the 1w-bus"
 
Waitus 200 : waitus 200 : waitus 200 : waitus 200 'if you use 2-wire, could be reduced to 200us

 1wverify DsId1
(1) 'Issues the "Match ROM "
 
locate 1,1
 
if err = 1 then
 
lcd "Err "  'Err = 1 if something is wrong
 
elseif err = 0 then 'lcd " Sensor found"
 1wwrite
&HBE
 Sc
(1) = 1wread(9) 'read bytes into array
 
if sc(9) = crc8(sc(1),8) then
 DG
= DeciGrades(sc(9))
 
if min1 > dg then min1 = dg
 
if max1 < dg then max1 = dg
 
lcd dg : locate 1,7 : lcd min1 : locate 1,14 : lcd max1
 
end if
 
end if

 1wverify DsId2
(1)
 
locate 2,1
 
if err = 1 then
 
lcd "DsId2 not on bus "
 
elseif err = 0 then ' lcd " Sensor found "
 1wwrite
&HBE
 Sc
(1) = 1wread(9)
 
if sc(9) = crc8(sc(1),8) then
 DG
= DeciGrades(sc(9))
 
if min2 > dg then min2 = dg
 
if max2 < dg then max2 = dg
 
lcd dg : locate 2,7 : lcd min2 : locate 2,14 : lcd max2
 
end if
 
end if
 
wait 1
loop
end 'end program

'Sets variables and LCD for further use'''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''''
Sub Init
 
Cls
 
Lcd " Min Max"
 
locate 2,1
 
Lcd " Min Max"
 Min1
= 999 ' to get a real value from start
 Min2
= 999
end sub

'Makes the Dallas "Convert T" command on the 1w-bus configured in "Config 1wire = Portb. "
'WAIT 200-750 ms after issued, internal conversion time for the sensor''''''''''
'SKIPS ROM - so it makes the conversion on ALL sensors on the bus simultaniously
'When leaving this sub, NO sensor is selected, but ALL sensors has the actual
'temperature in their scratchpad ( within 750 ms )
Sub ConvAllT
 1wreset 
' reset the bus
 1wwrite
&HCC ' skip rom
 1wwrite
&H44 ' Convert T
End sub

'Makes a integer value of the first two bytes in scratchpad'''''''''''''
'Works on DS18 B 20 , observe "B". The R0 and R1 in Sc(5) tells you how many bits are accurate
function Decigrades(Byval Sc(9) as byte)
 Decigrades
= 0
 Decigrades
= Makeint(Sc(1) , Sc(2))
 Decigrades
= Decigrades * 10
 Decigrades
= Decigrades / 16
end function

' If you have DS1820 or DS18 S 20 , you can use this algo instead:
' Observe that DsId1(1) contains the info value of which sensor is used.

'(
Function Decigrades(byval Sc(9) As Byte)
Dim Tmp As Byte , T As Integer , T1 As Integer

 
Tmp = Sc(1) And 1 ' 0.1C precision
 
If Tmp = 1 Then Decr Sc(1)
 
T = Makeint(sc(1) , Sc(2))
 
'Print Hex(t)
 
'Print T

 
T = T * 50 'here we calculate the 1/10 precision like
 
T = T - 25 'DS18S20 data sheet
 
T1 = Sc(8) - Sc(7)
 
T1 = T1 * 100
 
T1 = T1 / Sc(8)
 
T = T + T1
 
Decigrades = T / 10
'As integer, this routine gives T*10, with 1/10 degree precision
End Function
')